The Center for Freeform Optics
An Industry/University Cooperative Research Center

Volumetric rendering and metrology of spherical gradient refractive index lens imaged by angular scan optical coherence tomography system

Jianing Yao, Kevin P. Thompson, Bin Ma, Michael Ponting, and Jannick P. Rolland

in Opt. Express 24(17), 19388-19404 (2016)

In this paper, we develop the methodology, including the refraction correction, geometrical thickness correction, coordinate transformation, and layer segmentation algorithms, for 3D rendering and metrology of a layered spherical gradient refractive index (S-GRIN) lens based on the imaging data collected by an angular scan optical coherence tomography (OCT) system. The 3D mapping and rendering enables direct 3D visualization and internal defect inspection of the lens. The metrology provides assessment of the surface geometry, the lens thickness, the radii of curvature of the internal layer interfaces, and the misalignment of the internal S-GRIN distribution with respect to the lens surface. The OCT metrology results identify the manufacturing defects, and enable targeted process development for optimizing the manufacturing parameters. The newly fabricated S-GRIN lenses show up to a 7x spherical aberration reduction that allows a significantly increased utilizable effective aperture.