Michael Echter and Jon Ellis recently published a paper, ‘Carrier fringe analysis algorithms for three degree of freedom optical probing,’ in Precision Engineering 38(4), 893-902 (2014)
Abstract: In this work, we present a fiber-delivered and fiber-detected, 3-DOF optical probe concept for measuring optical components to be used in conjunction with an optical coordinate measuring machine (OCMM). The optical probe uses a Michelson interferometer to produce carrier fringes and a high density fiber bundle to transmit interferograms that are recorded away from the probe head in a remote imaging system. We compare several different signal FFT processing techniques (parabolic interpolation, windowing, and zero padding) and a single-bin DFT technique to compute and enhance the resolution of the displacement, tip, and tilt of a moving mirror. We simulated varying signal-to-noise ratios and interference fringe contrast ranges to determine the algorithms’ sensitivity to those parameters and compare our simulated values to measured SNR and fringe values. Based on this work, it should be possible to use a carrier fringe algorithm for fiber probing applications if the interferogram can be transmitted through the fiber bundle with sufficient contrast (40%) and SNR (30 dB).