Alden Jurling and Jim Fienup recently published a paper, ‘Extended capture range for focus-diverse phase retrieval in segmented aperture systems using geometrical optics,’ in the Journal of the Optical Society of America A 31(3), 661-666 (2014)
Abstract: Extending previous work by Thurman on wavefront sensing for segmented-aperture systems, we developed an algorithm for estimating segment tips and tilts from multiple point spread functions in different defocused planes. We also developed methods for overcoming two common modes for stagnation in nonlinear optimization-based phase retrieval algorithms for segmented systems. We showed that when used together, these methods largely solve the capture range problem in focus-diverse phase retrieval for segmented systems with large tips and tilts. Monte Carlo simulations produced a rate of success better than 98% for the combined approach.